Reciprocal Teaching

Model Lesson Plan

Reciprocal Teaching, research-based strategies that good readers use most often when they read, translates the abstract processes of reading (and metacognition) into concrete strategies that teachers and students can use to improve reading comprehension.

In 1997 the Teacher Education Center (TEC) used funding from the Florida Department of Education to develop Project MERIT which was based on the Reciprocal Teaching instructional model. As part of Project MERIT, the Reciprocal Teaching model was piloted in selected Chaper I fourth grade classes and the videotapes and support materials developed include the modifications made as a result of the pilot phase.

The M-DCPS Reciprocal Teaching model consists of a series of five strategies that students and teachers practice as they read any text. These are:

  • predicting
  • clarifiying
  • visualizing
  • questioning
  • summarizing

Reciprocal Teaching moves the process of reading from whole class instruction modeled by the teacher through whole class and small group instruction modeled by students to individualized silent reading. In effect, students teach themselves to read by modeling the strategies that good readers use.

Please note: Reciprocal Teaching strategies may be used with any story or passage. The lesson plans included in this web site demonstrate how Reciprocal Teaching strategies are used in the classroom and may be used as presented. However, the strategies may be used with any story or passage selected by the teacher.


Teacher Script
Student Task Cards
Student Scripts
Group Worksheet

Demonstration Video

Lesson Plans

Middle School


Course Information

TEC course
Teacher's Choice