Reciprocal Teaching:The Migrants

Subject Area

Language Arts - 4th Grade

FCAT Connection

Materials

The following materials are need for this lesson

Procedures

  1. Ask the students to take out a sheet of paper and write three things that they think that "good" readers do.
  2. Ask students to tell one thing that they have written on their papers.
  3. Tell the students that most of what they have said can be categorized into one of the strategies that are used in Reciprocal Teaching:

    Predicting, Clarifying, Questioning, Summarizing, and Visualizing.

  4. Pass out the Reciprocal Teaching bookmarks.
  5. Define each of the five parts. Explain that they may come in any order but will be done in order for this lesson.
  6. Pass out highlighters. Students will use them to highlight parts that need clarification or parts that may be good "teacher-like" questions.
  7. Write the phrase "The Migrants" on the board. Give students one minute to write down anything that comes to mind. Then ask them to predict from the title what they think this story will be about. Write predictions on board/overhead.
  8. Distribute copies of the story "The Migrants."
  9. Remind students that they are to highlight any word or idea that they do not understand or any part that will be a good teacher-like question.
  10. Model Passage One and Passage Two using Reciprocal Teaching strategies.
  11. After completing Passage One and Passage Two, make sure students understand Reciprocal Teaching strategies.
  12. Distribute Student Scripts and Student Task Cards.
  13. Remind students to use their bookmarks as guides.
  14. Ask Teacher/Leader #1 to begin.
  15. After Teacher/Leader #5 has completed his/her part, distribute Reciprocal Teaching Group Worksheets.
  16. Explain to students that they will work in their group to fill out all sections of the Group Worksheet.
  17. After student groups have completed the Group Worksheet, elicit, share, and discuss group responses.
  18. Ask for volunteers from the groups to help summarize the entire story on the overhead or chalkboard.

    This story about ________________ begins with ________________, discusses how ________________, and ends with ________________.

  19. Distribute the reading comprehension quiz and instruct students to complete.

Assessment

Reading Comprehension Quiz
Group Worksheet
















The Migrants

Student Script: Teacher/Leader #1

SAY:

Please highlight any word or phrase that you do not understand as I read this part of the lesson.

READ:

The following part of the lesson to the class:

. . . Papa parked the car out in front and left the motor running. "Listo," he yelled. Without saying a word, Roberto and I began to carry the boxes out to the car. Roberto carried the two bit boxes and I carried the two smaller ones. Pap then threw the mattress on top of the car roof and tied it with ropes to the front and rear bumpers.

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #1? Was your prediction correct?

SAY:

Who has Clarifying Card #1? Is there a word or phrase that you did not understand? (If there is more that one word, clarify one word at a time.)

SAY:

Does anyone else have a clarifying question?

SAY:

Who has Visualizing Card #1? Please tell what picture came to your mind when I read this part of the lesson.

SAY:

Who has Questioning Card #1? Please ask a Teacher-like Question.

SAY:

Does anyone else have a Teacher-like Question?

SAY:

Who has Summary Card #1? Please summarize this part of the lesson in one sentence.

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #2? What do you think is going to happen in the next part of the lesson?

TOP

 















Reciprocal Teaching: The Migrants

Student Script: Teacher/Leader #2

SAY:

Please highlight any word or phrase that you do not understand as I read this part of the lesson.

READ:

The following part of the lesson to the class:

Everything was packed except Mama's pot. It had many dents and nicks, and the more dents and nicks it acquired the more Mama liked it. "Mi olla," she used to say proudly.

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #2? Was your prediction correct?

SAY:

Who has Clarifying Card #2? Is there a word or phrase that you did not understand? (If there is more that one word, clarify one word at a time.)

SAY:

Does anyone else have a clarifying question?

SAY:

Who has Visualizing Card #2? Please tell what picture came to your mind when I read this part of the lesson.

SAY:

Who has Questioning Card #2? Please ask a Teacher-like Question.

SAY:

Does anyone else have a Teacher-like Question?

SAY:

Who has Summary Card #2? Please summarize this part of the lesson in one sentence.

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #3? What do you think is going to happen in the next part of the lesson?

TOP

 














Reciprocal Teaching: The Migrants

Student Script: Teacher/Leader #3

SAY:

Please highlight any word or phrase that you do not understand as I read this part of the lesson.

READ:

The following part of the lesson to the class:

I held the front door open as Mama carefully carried out her pot by both handles, making sure not to spill the cooked beans. When she got to the car, Papa reached out to help her with it. Roberto opened the rear car door and Papa gently placed it on the floor behind the front seat. All of us climbed in. Papa sighed, wiped the sweat off his forehead with his sleeve, and said wearily: "Es todo."

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #3? Was your prediction correct?

SAY:

Who has Clarifying Card #3? Is there a word or phrase that you did not understand? (If there is more that one word, clarify one word at a time.)

SAY:

Does anyone else have a clarifying question?

SAY:

Who has Visualizing Card #3? Please tell what picture came to your mind when I read this part of the lesson.

SAY:

Who has Questioning Card #3? Please ask a Teacher-like Question.

SAY:

Does anyone else have a Teacher-like Question?

SAY:

Who has Summary Card #3? Please summarize this part of the lesson in one sentence.

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #4? What do you think is going to happen in the next part of the lesson?

TOP

 














Reciprocal Teaching: The Migrants

Student Script: Teacher/Leader #4

SAY:

Please highlight any word or phrase that you do not understand as I read this part of the lesson.

READ:

The following part of the lesson to the class:

As we drove away, I felt a lump in my throat. I turned around and looked at our little shack for the last time. At sunset we drove into a labor camp near Fresno. Since Papa did not speak English, Mama asked the camp foreman if he needed anymore workers. "We don't need no more," said the foreman, scratching his head. "Check with Sullivan down the road. Can't miss him. He lives in a big house with a fence around it."

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #4? Was your prediction correct?

SAY:

Who has Clarifying Card #4? Is there a word or phrase that you did not understand? (If there is more that one word, clarify one word at a time.)

SAY:

Does anyone else have a clarifying question?

SAY:

Who has Visualizing Card #4? Please tell what picture came to your mind when I read this part of the lesson.

SAY:

Who has Questioning Card #4? Please ask a Teacher-like Question.

SAY:

Does anyone else have a Teacher-like Question?

SAY:

Who has Summary Card #4? Please summarize this part of the lesson in one sentence.

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #5? What do you think is going to happen in the next part of the lesson?

TOP

 












 


Reciprocal Teaching: The Migrants

Student Script: Teacher/Leader #5

SAY:

Please highlight any word or phrase that you do not understand as I read this part of the lesson.

READ:

The following part of the lesson to the class:

When we got there, Mama walked up to the house. "We have work! Mr. Sullivan said you can stay there the whole season," he said gasping and pointing an old garage near the stables. The garage was worn out by the years. It had no widdows. That night, by the light of a kerosene lamp, we unpacked and cleaned our new home. Roberto swept away the loose dirt, leaving the hard ground. Papa plugged the holes in the walls with old newspapers and tin can tops. Mama fed my little brothers and sisters. Papa and Roberto then brought in the mattress and placed it in the far corner of the garage. Mama, you and the little ones sleep on the mattress. Roberto, Panchito, and I will sleep outside under the trees," Papa said.

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #5? Was your prediction correct?

SAY:

Who has Clarifying Card #5? Is there a word or phrase that you did not understand? (If there is more that one word, clarify one word at a time.)

SAY:

Does anyone else have a clarifying question?

SAY:

Who has Visualizing Card #5? Please tell what picture came to your mind when I read this part of the lesson.

SAY:

Who has Questioning Card #5? Please ask a Teacher-like Question.

SAY:

Does anyone else have a Teacher-like Question?

SAY:

Who has Summary Card #5? Please summarize this part of the lesson in one sentence.

SAY:

Who has Predicting Card #5? What do you think is going to happen next?

TOP